Mitigation measures to avoid or reduce health and safety impacts from coal mining.
The following are examples of mitigation measures that could be applied to reduce health and safety impacts of a project depending upon site- and project-specific conditions. Many impacts can be reduced or avoided when considered during the siting and design phase.
Develop a final set of mitigation measures for any project in consultation with the appropriate federal resource management agencies and stakeholders. Conduct these consultations early in the project development process and preferably prior to final project siting and design.
Siting and Design Mitigation Measures
Siting and design considerations that mitigate impacts include:
Conduct a safety assessment to describe potential safety issues (site access, construction, work practices, security, transportation of heavy equipment, traffic management, emergency procedures, fire control and management, and issues specific to underground mines: potential for flooding, subsidence, oxygen deficiency) and how to mitigate them.
Develop a health and safety program for workers and the public, addressing all of the safety issues identified in the assessment and all applicable safety standards set forth by the Mine Safety and Health Administration.
Consult with local planning authorities regarding traffic. Address specific issues (e.g., school bus routes and stops) in a traffic management plan.
General Mitigation Measures
General mitigation practices and principles that could apply to any or all phases of a coal mine project include: