Mitigation measures to avoid or reduce transportation impacts from coal mining.
The following are examples of mitigation measures that could be applied to reduce transportation impacts of a project depending upon site- and project-specific conditions. Transportation impacts are related to the amount and types of vehicular traffic associated with a project. Many impacts can be reduced or avoided when considered during the siting and design phase.
Develop a final set of mitigation measures for any project in consultation with the appropriate federal resource management agencies and stakeholders. Conduct these consultations early in the project development process and preferably prior to final project siting and design.
Siting and Design Mitigation Measures
Siting and design considerations that mitigate impacts include:
Prepare an access road siting study and management plan incorporating road design, construction, and maintenance standards.
Plan to use existing roads to the extent possible.
Develop a transportation plan, particularly for the oversized and overweight components specific to a coal mine. The plan should consider component sizes, weights, origin, destination, and unique handling requirements. It should also evaluate alternate transportation approaches (barge, rail).
Develop a traffic management plan for site access roads and for use of main public roads. The plan should incorporate consultation with local planning authorities regarding traffic, in general, and specific issues, such as school bus routes and stops.
General Mitigation Measures
General mitigation practices and principles that could apply to any or all phases of a coal mine project include:
Limit traffic to roads indicated specifically for the project. Limit use of unimproved roads to emergency use only.
Instruct and require all personnel and contractors to adhere to speed limits to ensure safe and efficient traffic flow.
Limit mine-related vehicle traffic on public roadways to off-peak commuting times to minimize impacts on local commuters.